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Med J Tabriz Uni Med Sciences. 2023;45(5): 425-434.
doi: 10.34172/mj.2023.044
  Abstract View: 163
  PDF Download: 84

Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Original Article

The rate of cardiac complications in patients receiving a 24-hour dose of 5-Fluorouracil

Mostafa Davoodnataj 1 ORCID logo, Mohsen Vakili Sadeghi 2* ORCID logo, Naghmeh Zieaie Amiri 3 ORCID logo, Majid Nabipour 4 ORCID logo, Hemmat Gholinia Ahangar 5 ORCID logo

1 Student Research Committee, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
2 Clinical Research Development Unit of Ayatollah Rouhani Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
3 Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
4 Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
5 Health Research Institute, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: mvakili89@gmail.com

Abstract

Background. Cardiotoxicity caused by fluoropyrimidines is an uncommon but potentially fatal complication. Its frequency has been 1.6 to 19% in previous studies. But there are no accurate statistics in Iran. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of cardiac complications of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) infusion.

Methods. This prospective study was conducted in patients with gastrointestinal cancers who underwent chemotherapy with regimens containing 24-hour infusion of 5-FU at Rohani Hospital of Babol. Patients with a history of radiation therapy to the chest or epigastrium or suffering from COVID-19 disease in the last 6 weeks were excluded from the study. Each patient was examined in 2 cycles of chemotherapy. In case of complications, cardiac examinations including examination, electrocardiogram, echocardiography and if necessary, coronary angiography were done. Data analysis was done with SPSS 26 software using descriptive indices and Fisher exact test (significance≤0.05).

Results. In sixty one patients, 122 courses of chemotherapy were evaluated. Underlying cancer was colorectal cancer in 32 patients, stomach cancer in people. Eight patients (13.11%) had cardiac complication, in eleven chemotherapy cycles, included 7 cases of chest pain and one case of each of complications of myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema and pericarditis. Four out of 8 patients suffered from complications only in the first round, one only in the second round and three patients in both rounds of chemotherapy (P=0.004).The incidence rate of complications in patients without a history of heart disease was 8.7% and in patients with a history of heart disease 26.7%(P=0.073), in non-smokers 10% and in smokers 30%(P=0.084). It was 10.6% in non-diabetic patients and 21.4% in diabetic patients (P=0.294).

Conclusion. Cardiac complications are common in 24-hour injection of 5-fluorouracil. A patient who has a heart complication once, might have a higher probability of having a complication in the next cycles.

Practical Implications. Due to the high prevalence of cardiac complications of 24-hour floururacil infusion, especially in patients with a history of heart disease, careful cardiac monitoring during hospitalization is recommended.


How to cite this article: Davoodnataj M, Vakili Sadeghi M, Zieaie Amiri N, Nabipour M, Gholinia Ahangar H. The rate of cardiac complications in patients receiving a 24-hour dose of 5-fluorouracil. Med J Tabriz Uni Med Sciences. 2023;45(5):425-434. doi: 10.34172/mj.2023.044. Persian.
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Abstract View: 163

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Submitted: 21 Jan 2023
Accepted: 13 Mar 2023
ePublished: 15 Oct 2023
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