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Med J Tabriz Uni Med Sciences. 2024;45(6): 563-569.
doi: 10.34172/mj.2024.008
  Abstract View: 224
  PDF Download: 58

Epidemiology

Short Communication

Geographical information system-based prevalence analysis of children’s leukemia in southwest Iran

Roya Salehi Kahyesh 1* ORCID logo, Arash Alqhasi 1 ORCID logo, Hamideh Habibi Fathabadi 1 ORCID logo, Yaser Tahmasebi Birgani 2 ORCID logo, Marzieh َAbbasi nasab 1 ORCID logo, Adeleh khazami 3 ORCID logo

1 Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Research center, Health research institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Environment Technologies Research Center (ETRC), Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Shafa Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: royaarta@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background. Climatic and geomorphological characteristics of a region are vital factors in the regional spread of diseases. Geographic Information System (GIS) is a useful tool for studying cancer epidemiology. This study was conducted with the aim of investigating the prevalence of childhood leukemia in Khuzestan based on 10-year GIS data of temperature, wind speed and dust level.

Methods. The medical characteristics of all cases of leukemia in children admitted to Bagai 2 Ahvaz Hospital, which were diagnosed with leukemia for the first time. We collected what was diagnosed.

Results. Five hundred and twelve children had acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 100 children had acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML). The year 2015 had the highest and the year 2018 the lowest ALL rate. The peak of AML was in 2013 and the lowest was in 2018. Central cities had the highest mean particulate matter, temperature, wind speed, and the highest rate of leukemia.

Conclusion. The results show that dust, temperature and wind speed are related to the prevalence of childhood leukemia in Khuzestan, Iran.

Practical Implications. A wide range of environmental and genetic factors can play a role in the occurrence of cancer, so additional studies are needed to confirm the effect of particles and environmental factors such as temperature and dust on the occurrence of cancer.



How to cite this article: Salehi kahyesh R, Alghasi A, Habibi H, Tahmasebi Birgani Y, Abbasi nasab M, Khazami A. Geographical information system-based prevalence analysis of children’s leukemia in southwest Iran. Med J Tabriz Uni Med Sciences. 2024; 45():doi: 10.34172/mj.2024.008. Persian.
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Submitted: 25 Dec 2022
Revision: 14 Mar 2023
Accepted: 14 Mar 2023
ePublished: 24 Dec 2023
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