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Med J Tabriz Uni Med Sciences. 2024;45(6): 495-504.
doi: 10.34172/mj.2024.002
  Abstract View: 177
  PDF Download: 87

Dermatology

Original Article

Efficacy of Furosemide 0.125 Percent topical gel and KOH 10 Percent topical solution in the treatment of patients with warts: a comparison study

Mehdi Amirnia 1* ORCID logo, Afsaneh Radmehr 1 ORCID logo, Javad Shokri 2 ORCID logo, Arezoo Jahanshahi Afshar 1 ORCID logo

1 Department of Dermatology, Sina Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Email: mehamir46@gmail.com

Abstract

Background. Warts are a common skin disease affecting individuals of all ages worldwide. This clinical trial aims to compare the effectiveness of furosemide 0.125 Percent topical gel and KOH 10 Percent topical gel in treating patients with warts.

Methods. Patients diagnosed with warts by dermatologists were included in the study and treated with either 0.125 Percent furosemide or 10 Percent KOH for two months. Patients were examined and imaged at the beginning of the study and in weeks 4 and 8 to assess the number, diameter, and height of warts and complications.

Results. The study included 40 patients (48 lesions) with common warts, with 20 patients in each intervention group. In the furosemide group, the average diameter of warts decreased from 4.25 ± 1.43 mm in the first visit to 4.14 ± 1.47 mm in the final visit. In contrast, the average diameter of warts in the KOH group decreased from 3.89 ± 1.67 mm to 3.02 ± 1.49 mm. No complications were reported in the furosemide group, whereas seven complications related to redness and burning were observed in the KOH group.

Conclusion. Furosemide 0.125 Percent is effective and safe for treating skin warts. However, it is less effective than KOH in reducing the diameter and height of warts. This study's findings suggest that furosemide can be a promising alternative to KOH in treating warts, especially for patients with sensitive skin or those who experience complications with KOH treatment. Further research is needed to determine the optimal treatment duration and dosage of furosemide for treating warts.

Practical Implications. We can find new ways to reduce complications in treating warts.


How to cite this article: Amirnia M, Radmehr A, Shokri J, Jahanshahi A. Efficacy of Furosemide 0.125 Percent topical gel and KOH 10 Percent topical solution in the treatment of patients with warts: a comparison study. Med J Tabriz Uni Med Sciences. 2024;45(6). doi: 10.34172/mj.2024.002. Persian.
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Submitted: 09 May 2023
Accepted: 12 Jul 2023
ePublished: 01 Jan 2024
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