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Med J Tabriz Uni Med Sciences Health Services. 2016;38(2): 62-71.
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  PDF Download: 133

Original Article

Estimation of Health Effects Attributed to PM10 Exposure in Tabriz, Iran

Mohammad Ghanbari Ghozikali 1,3*, Mohammad Mosaferi 2, Kazem Naddafi 3, Gholamreza Goudarzi 4

1 Health Services Management Research Center (NPMC), Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Health Services Management Research Center (NPMC), Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Air Pollution Research (CAPR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: Ghanbarym@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background & Objectives: Air pollution from particulate matters and dust storms is considered one of the most challenging of health problems in our country, nowadays. Most of the epidemiological studies have shown a relationship between health outcomes and airborne particles. The main aim of this study was the assessment of health impacts of PM10 in Tabriz. Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, PM10 levels were monitored in fixed stations of air monitoring and its adverse health effects were estimated for one year. We applied the approach proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) using the AirQ2.2.3 software developed by the WHO European Center for Environment and Health on air pollutants in Tabriz. Results: The results showed that 5.94% (CI 95% 5.02% ; 6.83%) of natural death, 6.39%(CI 95% 4.09%; 13.31%) of cardiovascular death, 9.28% (CI 95% 6.39%; 23.98%) of respiratory death, 7.13% (CI 95% 4.87%; 9.98%) of hospital admissions for cardiovascular disease and 6.39%(CI 95% 3.93%; 8.72%) of hospital admissions for respiratory disease can be attributed to PM10 concentrations over 10 μg/m3. Conclusion: Based on the output of this model, air pollution due to airborne particles is a serious problem that necessitates attention and preventive measures by authorities and decision-makers.
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Submitted: 12 Jun 2016
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