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Med J Tabriz Uni Med Sciences Health Services. 2014;36(2): 14-23.
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  PDF Download: 61

Original Article

Prediction of Components of Borderline Personality Disorder Based on Attachment Styles in Students of Tabriz University, Iran

Ebrahim Akbari 1*, Majid Mahmoud Alilou 1, Reza Ilbeygi 2, Zeinab Azimi 3, Abdollah Ghasempour 2

1 Department of Psychology, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, School of Humanities, University of Mohaghegh Ardabil, Ardabil, Iran
3 Department of Psychology, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: e.akbari_psy@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Insecurely attachment style is one of effective factors in many mental disorders. The aim of present research was to predict the hopelessness; impulsivity and dissociative and paranoid symptoms in securely; ambivalent and avoidant attachment students. Materials and Methods: The type of the study was descriptive. Subjects of this study were 400 students (200 male and 200 female) from University of Tabriz who were chosen by multistage cluster random sampling. Borderline personality scale (Schizotypal Trait questionnaire-B form) and adult attachment inventory were used for data gathering. Results: There were significant differences in hopelessness; dissociative symptoms, impulsivity and total score of STB between securely attached people and people with avoidant insecurely attachment (p<0.05) and between securely attached people and ambivalent attached people in impulsivity and total score of STB (p<0.05); but no significant differences was found between two above groups in hopelessness and dissociative symptoms (p>0.05), while there wasn't any differences between avoidant and ambivalent attached people in hopelessness; dissociative symptoms, impulsivity and total score of STB (p>0.05). Conclusions: In comparison with securely attached people, people with insecurely avoidant attachment experience more hopelessness; dissociative symptoms and impulsivity; and people with insecurely ambivalent attachment experience more impulsivity. Altogether, insecurely attached people are more prone to borderline personality disorder.
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Submitted: 31 Jul 2013
Accepted: 04 Nov 2013
ePublished: 25 Jun 2014
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