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Med J Tabriz Uni Med Sciences Health Services. 2007;29(4): 27-30.
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Research

Maternal Risk Factors and Immediate Neonatal Outcome in VLBW Infants in Alzahra Hospital of Tabriz

HOSSEINI MB*, HEIDARZADEH M
*Corresponding Author: Email: hossainm@tbzmed.ac.ir

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Babies weighing less than 1500 gm (VLBW) are of major concern because of maximum prenatal morbidity and mortality. Objective Of this study was to evaluate the antenatal profile of the mothers and neonatal surveillance. Materials and Methods: This was a Descriptive cross sectional study of data collected from hospital records of 305 preterm infants with birth weight of less than 1500 gram (VLBW) in NICU of Alzahra Hospital Mar 2005-2006. The maternal demographic profiles, risk factors of preterm labor and outcome of infants were examined. Results: From 913 neonates who were admitted, There were 305 (33.4%) preterm infants who were VLBW, mean gestational age was 29/79±2/83 and mean birth weight was 1202/66±241/52 gram. Amongst the various risk factors for preterm labor, Preeclampsia was the most common (24.6%). In 128 preterm infants (42.1%) RDS was occurred. The survival rate in VLBW group was 68.2% and mortality in our series was 29.5%.there was 7 infants who referred to Pediatric Hospital for surgical interventions. Conclusion: approximately one third of neonatal admitions at 2005-2006 was VLBW infants and Preeclampsia was the most common (24.6%) risk factor of preterm labor. Better neonatal survival rate and lesser complications will possible due to better prenatal care and control of Preeclampsia.
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Submitted: 25 Feb 2010
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